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Floor sanding carried out by professionals

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Floor sanding

Perfect floor sanding every time!

L’Artisan du Plancher Montréal is a floor sanding company in Montréal, Laval, and the South Shore. It’s made up of artisans specializing in dust-free floor sanding who are proud of the trade they’ve chosen and carry it out with passion. They know the best methods for giving life back to your wood floors like the backs of their hands. They respect the process of each stage in the floor sanding procedure and know how to take all the necessary steps – carefully and meticulously – so that the end result lives up your expectations! On that note, you’ll find below all the necessary steps for carrying out professional floor sanding, just like our master sanders, according to industry standards.

Experts agree that a wood floor can undergo around 7 sanding procedures over the course of its lifetime. Sanding is therefore a very important procedure, since a poorly done job can considerably reduce the lifespan of your floor. At l’Artisan du Plancher Montréal, we guarantee that we will treat your floors just like they were ours. We sand your wood floors with the same care with which we would sand ours. We therefore take all the necessary precautions to ensure that the sanding of your floors is carried out according to industry standards.

Wood floor sanding

Here are the steps to follow to sand, stain, and varnish a wood floor.

Floor sanding requires appropriate equipment to avoid damaging the flooring, the edges of the room, and the bottoms of the walls. Among the required equipment, we find certain indispensable tools: a large sander, a small sander, a polisher, an orbital sander, a belt sander, an edger, adequate extension cords, sandpaper with different grains, a shop vacuum, a mop, the chosen stain (if you want to stain your wood), the appropriate finishing product (varnish), brushes and/or rollers and/or cloths, a mask, gloves, closed-toed shoes, and knee pads, if needed.

Step 1


Before anything else, you have to remove all the furniture from the surface to be sanded and sometimes even the mouldings to be certain of saving them. Then, it’s necessary to thoroughly vacuum and clean the floor with a cleaner specifically designed for hardwood. The cleaning is intended to remove all residues from grease, wax, glue, etc. that you don’t want on the floor. It’s also necessary to repair any spots that are uneven or rough. For example, if a wooden slat has been nicked, torn, or punctured, this must be corrected to make the floor even. No nails or screws should be sticking out across the entire surface to be sanded. Click here to get more advice and to learn all about preparing for sanding jobs.

Step 2


The time you’ll spend sanding the floor varies according to the state of the floor. Several factors influence the intensity of work required: the thickness of the varnish, the type of wood, the age of the floor, the damage it may have sustained, etc. For example, sanding a prefinished floor requires more effort, since you’ll have to remove the protective layer that was installed in the factory.

Generally speaking, you can begin sanding the majority of the room with a large sander, taking care to leave a 5 to 6-inch blank space along the walls. The initial sanding can be done with coarser sandpaper (for example, 80 grit sandpaper). You must always sand in the direction of the wood. Then, with the edge sander, sand around the edges of the room, or the 5 to 6-inch blank space. Don’t hesitate to use the scraper; it’s useful for scraping hard-to-reach areas, like around the edges of a heater. It’s sometimes necessary to sand some of the tightest spots by hand. After that, the rest of the sanding can be carried out with finer sandpaper: you’ll have to go over everywhere again with the large and small sanders to make the sanded surface even smoother. Once the sanding has been completed, the floor’s wood should be soft to the touch. All that’s left is to clean the floor thoroughly with the vacuum cleaner to remove ALL of the dust residue.

L’Artisan du Plancher offers dust-free floor sanding to let you avoid the inconveniences caused by floor restoration jobs.

Step 3

Stain the floor (if desired).

Once the wood has been stripped of its varnish coating and is finally smooth, it’s time to stain. However, if you prefer to keep the natural look of the wood, you can skip ahead to the varnishing step. We primarily recommend Miniwax and Pratt & Lambert brand oil-based stains, which are available at Colobar, due to their reliability and high quality. You can choose the one that suits you best from a wide variety of brands and colours. To create the stain, mix the appropriate pigments together in the right proportions to achieve the desired colour in a single application.

Before applying the stain, the wood must be sufficiently polished with 120 grit sandpaper to remove the imperfections that may have been left behind by the coarser sandpaper or the bigger tools, such as the belt sander. Then, the wood must be washed with water or methyl alcohol to open up the grain and allow the stain to colour the wood evenly. Stains are applied in different ways: with a cloth, a roller, a brush, or other. The deeper the pigments penetrate into the wood, the darker its colour becomes. It’s important to pay attention to the instructions given by the manufacturer to fully comply with the recommended process.

Step 4

Apply the varnish

Once the sanding and staining has been done, it’s time to apply the varnish to protect the floor. Choose the varnish depending on how much the floor is used: do the floors belong to a family with 2 or 3 children living in a house? Do you have pets? Do you often throw parties? Do you wear shoes inside? Do you live alone (or as a couple) in a condo? Do you frequently move heavy loads? Etc. All these questions will let you determine the type of finish you need. If there’s a lot of foot traffic inside the house, and if you have any additional animals, we recommend opting for at least 2 coats of varnish. A greater number of coats will provide better durability and resistance to frequent wear and tear. Normally, if you want your floor to stay beautiful for longer, we recommend applying 3 finishing coats: 1 sealant and 2 coats of varnish. To guide you in your renovations, you can count on the advice from l’Artisan du Plancher, which will be completely tailored to your lifestyle.

Please note that, depending on the type of varnish used, it’s possible to do a light sanding between each coat in order to achieve the optimal result. In this case, make sure to clean the floor between each coat. In addition, drying time is needed between the application of each coat, as well as a final drying period, before you can use the room again. Pay attention to the ventilation during drying: it can make the floor rough due to the movement of the dust that might get caught in the varnish. During the project, don’t forget to wear a mask to avoid being negatively affected by the dust or the products. Fortunately, there are now water-based varnishes that pose no danger to your health. One example is Bona Traffic HD, designed for frequent foot traffic. This type of varnish is recommended for public places – such as schools – in addition to being safe for the environment and your health. With this type of product, you’ll be delighted by your varnished floors!

Step 5


Please respect the drying time so that all your hard work isn’t ruined. If you’ve renovated your floor yourself, the waiting time will be indicated by the varnish manufacturer; if you’ve entrusted your project to a floor sanding specialist, they will let you know the necessary time. Afterwards, you can put your furniture back and move around on your new floor.

To learn how to take care of your new floor, please check out our tips on maintaining your wood floors in order to improve their durability.

For more information about our methods, please visit our FAQ section.

Personalized floor sanding: a cut above

As explained above, sanding a floor involves a series of actions that must be carried out in a specific order. That’s why our work is carefully orchestrated by our project manager. It demands a certain dexterity and the proper practice of the craft. L’Artisan du Plancher Montréal truly wants you to be satisfied that not only are our workers experienced, but that the way they carry out their floor sanding goes well beyond the standards of the trade. Thanks to our cutting-edge methods, we stand out among the traditional floor sanding companies. Our capacity for innovation lets us stay one step ahead of the competition: there’s no risk that our company will insist on working with outdated equipment and products that are dangerous for the environment or your health. That’s why we use advanced technology produced by the Swedish company Bona, which manufactures the most sophisticated equipment on the market. We rank among the most innovative floor sanding companies in Québec.

However, the cornerstone of our success remains the exclusive service that we offer all our customers. That’s the source of our success and our current position as a market leader. We thank everyone who has trusted us. Our customers are the source of our motivation to constantly improve our service. Along those lines, we’re proud to have incorporated dust-free sanding technology into our service offerings to satisfy you even more. This method provides many advantages, including cleaner service that’s more respectful of the health of the inhabitants.

A floor sanding company that knows how to adapt

The sudden growth of international trade that we’ve seen over the last few years has turned the floor sanding world upside down. The emergence of new raw materials has transformed our way of looking at things and has brought us some new challenges.

As a specialized company, we have a perfect knowledge of Canadian hardwood and softwood (oak, maple, ash, beech, mahogany, hickory, birch, cherry, walnut, pine, cedar, etc.). Due to political changes promoting increased trade and a reduction in protectionism, a wide variety of exotic wood has appeared at specialized and big-box retailers, thus allowing us to expand our offerings by adding wood species that come from abroad.

The most sought-after types of exotic wood are: cumaru, ipe, jatoba, Santos mahogany, and tigerwood. Here too, we’ve acquired all the necessary knowledge to carry out floor installations and floor sanding on all sorts of hardwood and softwood, whether exotic or Canadian.

Our floor renovation company can advise you before and during your project, and we remain at your service once the work has been done. Our customer service is merely one reflection of the importance that we ascribe to our customers’ satisfaction. We do everything in our power to maintain our position as a leader and our high customer satisfaction rate.

Our reputation is well deserved!

You can get a free online estimate by clicking here. If you have any questions, please contact L’Artisan du Plancher Montréal at (514) 232-3465. We would be pleased to give you more information.

Keywords: floor stripping, floor refinishing, dust-free floor sanding

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